The following costs arise as part of reminding and execution proceedings:
Calculation of court costs
and legal fees
The following information does not apply to reminder procedures involving
labour law. In this case, please see:
|Calculation of court costs and legal fees|
|Please indicate the total value of claims you wish to collect from a debtor. The court costs and legal fees for issuing a court order, and subsequent enforcement order will be automatically calculated:|
|Expenses caused by debtor’s delay of payment|
|Normally, expenses which
arise during the collection of claims can be also claimed as damages caused
by delay following the second reminder.
Principally, it is possible to claim damages caused by delay from the moment of default of payment onwards. A default of payment is also in effect prior to sending a first reminding.
These expenses are only recoverable if they can be directly attributed to the debtor’s default. It is not possible to claim expenses for services rendered by company employees by citing damages caused by delay of payment. It is only possible to claim this by instructing an attorney.
Typical expenses that may be claimed as damages caused by default include:
Calculation of court costs – Local courts charge certain expenses for the release of a legal court order. These expenses are calculated according to the amount of your claim:
Charges for the enforcement order – If an enforcement order follows a court order because the debtor does not comply with the obligation to pay even after the release of a court order, there are no additional legal charges for the release of the enforcement order.
Charges for a lawsuit – If the debtor files an objection or protest against one of the orders, the proceeding will enter into a lawsuit. The charges will be five times higher for a lawsuit than the charges listed in the chart above. If the amount of the demand is, for example, € 2.500, then 40.50 € is due for the release of the court order or the enforcement order. Legal charges for a possible subsequent lawsuit is normally an additional € 202.50.
Payment in advance – The court releases an order only after the charges have been paid into the court’s account. The charges can be paid by either purchasing court fee stamps at the local court or by transferring the charges to the court after receipt of the bill of charges from the court. If an attorney is instructed to act on your behalf, it is possible for the attorney to advance the charges on loan. Thus the charges are debited directly from the attorney’s bank account.
Payment through the debtor – All legal expenses that arise due to the court order are added to the amount of the claim, plus any additional damages caused by default of payment (i.e. interest). These must be paid by the debtor together with the original claim. If the claim is justified and if the debtor pays because of the court order, the creditor receives repayment of all legal expenses by the debtor!
|Expenses for retaining the services of an attorney|
Calculation of lawyer’s fees
– If you retain an attorney to claim a court order, the lawyer’s fees are
calculated (similarly to the court fees) based on the amount of your claim:
Extent of attorney services – The attorney fees cover services for the entire dunning procedure.
Charges for the enforcement order: If an enforcement order is required following a court order because the debtor does not comply with the obligation to pay despite a court order, the attorney will levy an additional 0.5-fold charge (based on the claim amount calculated in the chart above) for issuing an enforcement order.
Charges for a lawsuit: If the debtor files an objection or protest against one of the orders, the proceeding will enter into a lawsuit. The attorney must substantiate in writing why the claim is justified. This activity involves an additional 0.3 fold attorney fee.
Another charge occurs if a court hearing becomes necessary. A 1.2-fold charge must be paid if a court hearing occurs where the debtor is present or represented. A 0.5-fold charge must be paid if the debtor is not present or represented.
Payment of the debtor – All legal expenses arising in relation to the court order will be added to the amount of the claim, in addition to further damages caused by default (i.e. interest) and these additional expenses must be paid by the debtor together with the initial claim. If the demand is justified and if the debtor pays because of the court or enforcement order, the attorney receives his or her fees directly from the debtor! As a result, the creditor must assume the legal expenses only if the claim is not justified or enforceable due to debtor insolvency.
Flexible fees – A flexible fee arrangement
that differs from the legally regulated fees can be made with your
attorney, if required. Flexible fees may occur only if the attorney
recovers claims for a creditor
|Expenses arising from internal company reminder department|
|Expenses resulting from the collection of a claim (made by company employee) cannot be claimed using a court or enforcement order as damages caused by default of payment. This is because reminder expenses do not arise directly for each individual claim. The option of outsourcing the dunning process to an attorney offers remarkable savings potential because legal fees are accepted as damages caused by default.|
|Expenses for a collection agency|
|Collection agencies buy out claims in packages for a portion of their value (usually for 5% of the value or less) in order to collect the debts themselves. The amount paid for claims by an collection agency depends on the chances it sees in retrieving debts. Based on experience the amounts which collection agencies are willing to pay are rather small since the agencies bear the risk that debtors are insolvent and also because agencies wish to profit from the debt recovery.|
All information is presented to the best of our knowledge. We assume responsibility for its correctness.